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Earth Sciences

Structure

Each of the Earth sciences has its own set of specialties, but it can be divided into four main categories: geography, geology, meteorology, and oceanography. Geography is a kind of bridge between the physical and social sciences. It is concerned with the distribution of people and things, the location of places on the Earth's surface, and the relationships between people and their natural environment. It includes the study of topography (the overall arrangement of the land), landforms (mountains, plateaus, plains, canyons, and the like), climate, and such features of the natural environment as plants and animals, soils, minerals, and water resources.

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