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Overall employment of mathematicians is expected to grow by 26 percent, much faster than the average for all careers, through 2028, according to the U.S. Department of Labor. However, strong competition is expected for jobs since the mathematics field is so small. There will be more jobs in applied mathematics (and related areas such as computer programming, cloud computing, operations research, and engineering design) than in theoretical research. Those who have a background in another field in addition to mathematics (such as computer science and software development, physics, engineering, operations research, financial analysis, or life sciences research) will have especially strong opportunities.

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