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An optometrist must complete at least three years of postsecondary education, including courses in biology, chemistry, physics, English, and mathematics. In addition, students of optometry must complete four years at a college of optometry, combining course work—including physiology, biochemistry, optics, and visual sciences—with supervised clinical experience, leading to a doctor of optometry (O.D.) degree. An additional residency in a specific area of practice, such as low vision rehabilitation, is optional.

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